John Henry Hoeven III (/ËˆhoÊŠvÉ™n/; born March 13, 1957) is an American banker and politician serving as the senior U.S. Senator from North Dakota since 2011. A member of the North Dakota Republican Party, he served as the 31st Governor of North Dakota from 2000 to 2010. Hoeven was elected in 2010 to the U.S. Senate, succeeding Senator Byron Dorgan, who chose not to seek reelection. Hoeven became the senior Senator in 2013 after Kent Conrad retired and was replaced by Democrat Heidi Heitkamp, who was once Hoeven's opponent for the Governor's office. Hoeven was reelected in 2016.
Prior to his election to the Governor's office, Hoeven was a North Dakota banker who served in numerous executive roles at various banks, most notably as President of the nation's only state-owned bank, the Bank of North Dakota, from 1993 to 2000. He is positioned on the Board of Directors at First Western Bank & Trust, an institution his late father helped found, and has an estimated net worth of around $45 million, making him one of the wealthiest U.S. Senators.
Hoeven briefly identified himself as a member of the Democratic-NPL Party before becoming active in the Republican Party as a District Chair and volunteer. Hoeven has walked a conservative line as a politician on some issues and a moderate one on others including increasing education funding, ethics reform, compensation for teachers, as well as increased funding on infrastructure.
Hoeven supports decreasing access to parole for offenders. He believes that drug control policy should be a state and not a federal issue.
Economy and employment
He opposed the Employee Free Choice Act, which included a card check provision.
Hoeven is a member of the Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus.
Energy and environment
Hoeven believes that alternative fuels are a long-term solution but that increased oil drilling is required in the short term. Hoeven has been a vocal advocate for the Keystone Pipeline, arguing that it has never leaked and that environmental risks have been exaggerated. The Keystone Pipeline has leaked twice, once in 2010 and, after making that argument, again in 2016.
In 2015, Hoeven submitted an amendment asserting that climate change is real and that humans are contributing to it but also that the Keystone Pipeline would not contribute to climate change. His League of Conservation Voters score was 7% for 2018.
Gun control / rights
Hoeven consistently votes for pro-gun legislation and therefore has earned an "A+" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA). The NRA has endorsed Hoeven multiple times, including during his run for governor in 2008 and senate in 2010.
In June 2016, Hoeven voted in the senate on four gun control proposals that were developed as a result of the Orlando nightclub shooting. Hoeven voted in favor of senator Chuck Grassley's expansion of background checks and to provide funding to research the cause of mass shootings and senator John Cornyn's 72-hour wait period for purchases of guns by individuals on the terrorist watch list. Hoeven voted against senator Chris Murphy's proposal to require background checks for every gun sale, including online sales and at gun shows. He also voted against senator Dianne Feinstein's proposal to ban anyone from the terrorist watchlist from purchasing a gun. Hoeven voted against the latter bill due to lack of "judicial oversight or due process" in the proposal.
Israel Anti-Boycott Act
In April 2017, Hoeven co-sponsored the Israel Anti-Boycott Act (s. 720), which would make it a federal crime for Americans to encourage or participate in boycotts against Israel and Israeli settlements in the West Bank if protesting actions by the Israeli government.
He believes that public health care should be provided only to the elderly and children.
In 2013, Hoeven voted to pass Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013.
In 2013, Hoeven voted against banning discrimination based on sexual orientation. He is against gay marriage.
Hoeven supports investment tax credits for farm investments.
He is pro-life and opposes abortion except for cases of rape, incest, or threat to the mother's life. He opposes government funding for elective abortions in accordance with the Hyde Amendment. Hoeven voted for reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act in 2012.